Longer weight loss programmes cut disease risk and save money

Source: http://www.pulsetoday.co.uk/news/clinical-news/longer-weight-loss-programmes-cut-disease-risk-and-save-money/20034669.article

GPs should refer patients to year-long weight management programmes rather than the current NICE-recommended 12-week programmes.

That is the finding of a new randomised controlled trial, presented this month in the Lancet, which concluded this would reduce the risk of patients developing diabetes and heart disease and save the NHS money in the longer term.

Researchers from the University of Cambridge recruited over 1,000 people with a BMI of 28 or higher from 23 GP practices, dividing these into three groups.

The first group received brief advice and self-help material; the second group were referred for the NICE-recommended 12-week Weight Watchers programme; and the third group a 12-month Weight Watchers programme.

The researchers found that the 12-week programme was more effective than the advice and self-help option, but the full-year weight-loss scheme was even more effective.

After one year, people who received brief advice lost an average of just over 3kg. Those on the 12-week programme lost 4.75 kg, while those who attended Weight Watchers for a year lost over 6.7 kg.

And, in addition to losing more weight, the people in this group also showed improvements in markers of diabetes and heart disease risk, which was still significant at two years.

The researchers also modelled the cost-effectiveness of the scheme, finding that although it initially costs more than the current NHS standard, the 52-week programme is more cost-effective in the long term due to reductions in disease.

The authors, therefore, recommend that healthcare providers consider extending weight loss referral schemes.

The researchers, who were funded by the National Prevention Research Initiative and Weight Watchers International (as part of an UK Medical Research Council Industrial Collaboration Award), said: ‘We… show, for the first time to our knowledge, that this extended referral achieves improvements in fasting glucose concentration and glycated haemoglobin equivalent to more intensive health professional-led interventions.

‘Using microsimulation modelling, we show for the first time that, over a 25-year period, the 12-week programme is cost-saving compared with a brief intervention, and that the 52-week programme is cost-effective compared with the 12-week programme.’

Science Has Finally Revealed the Best Time of Day to Weigh Yourself

Source: http://www.rd.com/health/diet-weight-loss/weight-loss-best-time-day-weigh-self/

Turns out, there’s going to be a lot of difference between your weight first thing in the morning and last thing at night.

Major weight loss takes more than just putting sneaker to treadmill or fork to plate. Odds are, you’re probably weighing yourself every once in awhile, too—and we don’t blame you if it’s the scariest part of your day.

But when it comes to the dreaded scale, there’s nothing to fear! According to the National Weight Control Registry, 75 percent of people who have successfully lost weight and kept it off weigh themselves on a consistent basis. Plus, a 2012 study in the Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics found that people who lose weight are less likely to gain it back if they regularly weigh themselves.

So, scale on! But do so mindfully, science says. Get this: apparently there is a “right” way to weigh yourself. And as long as you follow this simple rule, you may get results that you can be proud of (and that are a little more accurate!)

First off, doctors recommend scheduling one time per day to weigh yourself and sticking to that time no matter what. Since your weight fluctuates throughout the day, it’s hard to get an accurate read when you’re constantly stepping on the scale.

“You need to know that number on a consistent basis to help you manage your weight to make better decisions about your health,” Holly Wyatt, M.D., medical director of the Wellness Clinic at the University of Colorado Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, told Consumer Reports.

But then you’re faced with a choice: When is the best time to weigh yourself? According to the experts, you should step on the scale in the morning, after you’ve emptied your bladder and before you’ve eaten breakfast or hit the gym. Not only will you get a lower number (woohoo!) but you’ll also see a more accurate reflection of what you actually weigh—sans any extra pounds thanks to water, food, etc.

Plus, make sure your scale is on a hard, flat surface (no carpets) and that you are standing still with your weight distributed evenly across both feet. Getting a more exact version of your weight is guaranteed to put your mind to rest and boost your weight loss motivation.

Still not happy with the number on the scale? Don’t fret! Try these 40 fast, easy tips to lose weight from the pros.

 

New weight loss trend has people exposing themselves to sub-zero temperatures

Source: http://www.deccanchronicle.com/lifestyle/health-and-wellbeing/110617/new-weight-loss-trend-has-people-exposing-themselves-to-sub-zero-temperatures.html

It’s the latest weight loss trend that has people exposing themselves to sub-zero temperatures to gain from this unusual treatment’s many benefits. Even Hollywood star Hugh Jackman, who was recently pictured in a sub-arctic tank credits the treatment called cryotherapy for his fabulous physique.

Cryotherapy, which in Greek means ‘cold cure’, has been around since the 17th century. But, the whole body technique was only developed in Japan in 1978 to treat rheumatoid arthritis, according to the Daily Mail.

Extreme cold, according to previous research, can stimulate the body into burning fat as much as 800 calories in just three minutes, the report states. Apart from encouraging weight loss, is also known to manage pain, make your skin smoother and improves its complexion.

How does it work? The cryotherapy tank dips below freezing temperatures by using cryogenic nitrogen vapour and reach negative 200 degrees Fahrenheit. This stimulates the body’s response to the cold that helps reduce swelling and inflammation, the report reveals.

Rex Sharpe, University of Missouri’s associate athletic director for sports medicine told the Daily Mail, “When you get into an area of cold, the blood vessels on the skin shut down and the blood returns to the core.” He further explains, this helps the blood to get reoxygenated in the core making you feel refreshed and re-energized. The process helps regenerating skin and muscle.